DIABETES by Fondazione Veronesi.

idiabetesndexNearly 3 million, 4.9% of the population, but the percentage may be even greater if you add to it the submerged, the number of diabetics who do not know it.

A disease that is growing: according to the World Health Organization diabetics in the world, today more than 346 million, are expected to double by 2030. The first treatment is drug (insulin) for some (with type 1 diabetes ), but for most of those with type 2 diabetes a supply well balanced, with the contribution of all the nutrients, is therapeutic and helps to maintain under control the level of blood sugar.

Diabetes is the most common of the metabolic disease, and is characterized by an increase in blood glucose (hyperglycemia) to the body’s inability to properly metabolize carbohydrates, because of insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas. If they recognize different forms: insulin-dependent diabetes or Type 1 (beta cells of the pancreas that produce insulin are destroyed completely by a process of self-immunity), non-insulin dependent diabetes or type 2 (production insulin by the beta cells is present but is inadequate to requirements, increased because of overweight.

Here are tips for effective diet :

Eat 5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day, different colors: green (vegetal), red (tomatoes), oranges (carrots, oranges) ….

It is better bread and wheat pasta

Often used at least three times a week legumes (beans, lentils, ceci, peas, etc.)

Eat at least two servings of fish a week

Prefer Lean Meats and white

A cup drink low-fat or skim milk daily or low-fat yogurt

Cheese and dairy products do not take more than 2 times a week

Cooking or salad dressings use olive oil or avoiding Seed “saturated” fats like butter, lard, cream, bacon, etc.
To minimize fatty called “trans” non present in cookies, crackers, aperitivi in the report labels the presence of oils / hydrogenated fats / partially hydrogenated

Among the preferred drinks “diet” sugar
If the use of alcoholic beverages such as wine or beer, alcol limit,the consumption to one drink per day for women and two for men, preferably with meals.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY – Exercise, especially aerobic exercise, is an integral part of Piano of Diabete treatment and must provide at least 30 minutes of walking per day (or other exercise) for three hours to move total a week. Regular physical activity, in fact, not only helps to combat stress, but also has significant beneficial effects on metabolism: improves insulin sensitivity, reduces triglyceride levels and bad colesterol (LDL) for the benefit of the good (HDL ), helps to control the arterial pressure and prevent cardiovascular disease.

Fondazione Umberto Veronesi

 

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