Folic acid is necessary for both children and adults to produce red blood cells and prevent certain types of anemia. Intake of folic acid in pregnancy is considered essential to prevent birth defects, with particular reference to the central nervous system dysfunction and neural tube, in addition to cardiac malformations and skull. The recommended daily doses of folic acid are between 50 and 200 mcg by age and increase in pregnancy.
Folic acid is essential for the functioning of the nervous system and for the bone marrow. Contributes to the transformation of energy and protein, activating by vitamin B12.
It is essential that the embryo has available an adequate supply of these compounds, from the first days of life.
They are commercially available foods fortified with folic acid. It means that these foods contain levels of natural folates and synthetic folic acid. It is of various products, among which we can find breakfast cereals, cookies, biscuits and juices. According to the ISS these fortified foods, in a dose of 1 or 2 servings per day, may contribute to the increase intake of folic acid.
Folic acid supplements
Intake of folic acid supplements may be recommended by your doctor during pregnancy, to protect the health of mother and child, as well as at other times of life.
A proper intake of folic acid during pregnancy helps prevent birth defects, prematurity, autism, cleft lip and language delay.