Abstract speaker silhouette with colorful letters in the head and mouth

#TheLanguage.

The ability to #communicate through spoken and written #language, structured and complex, it is the feature that most distinguishes us from other animals. Not only: the language is able to “shape” our brain, beliefs and attitudes changing the way people think and act. Be native speakers of English, Chinese, or Russian has different effects on the architecture of thought, according to an increasingly large number of studies. It happens because each language puts emphasis on different elements of the experience, so forging a specific way of seeing the world. The mother tongue is the carrier of morals and ethics The influence of language on our ego, however, is even more profound, with amazing effects even on conscious decisions: a study in PLOS One has shown that when we express ourselves in a second language tend to have fewer moral qualms.

A language that is not learned after birth is less influenced by emotions because while you speak you have to exert more cognitive control to” turn off “the mother tongue, which is the carrier of morality, ethics, feelings,” says Abutalebi . The language learned in the cradle is also the one that modulates our mental structure.

And the language can even modulate the savings attitude as discovered economist Keith Chen of the University of Los Angeles: the Chinese, who do not have a precise tense to indicate the future, have a propensity to put aside money 30% higher than those who speak more “defined” language perhaps because ‘identify linguistically distinct from the future so this makes it far less motivating to save money, “said Chen. It turned out that also indicate the gender of words affects the vision of the world: a study of Jewish children and Finnish revealed that the first notice, on average, one year before being male or female because their language almost always assigns the genre the words, while in Finnish does not happen. . Perhaps Shakespeare was wrong: that which we call a rose profumerebbe not so much, if we called by another name. With numbers need a greater ” cognitive effort ” About mathematics : numbers will ” think ” in the language they feel as primitive because, as he explains neuropsychologist Jubin Abutalebi , ” live math brain circuits other than those of language and involves a greater ” control. ” From one point of view it is similar to the grammar, the most affected by the language learning period idiom : in high mastery late bilinguals , ie those not distinguishable by native speakers even if they have not learned the second language at the same time the first , a brain mapping reveals a greater activation of the executive control areas during tasks of grammar , while in case of lexical or semantic tasks the activation is identical to that of an early bilingual . To master the grammar of languages learned after childhood therefore it needs a greater cognitive effort . ”

 

With numbers need a greater ” cognitive effort ” About mathematics : numbers will ” think ” in the language they feel as primitive because, as he explains neuropsychologist Jubin Abutalebi , ” live math brain circuits other than those of language and involves a greater ” control. ” From one point of view it is similar to the grammar, the most affected by the language learning period idiom : in high mastery late bilinguals , ie those not distinguishable by native speakers even if they have not learned the second language at the same time the first , a brain mapping reveals a greater activation of the executive control areas during tasks of grammar , while in case of lexical or semantic tasks the activation is identical to that of an early bilingual . To master the grammar of languages learned after childhood therefore it needs a greater cognitive effort . ”

 

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