The dark chocolate is made from cocoa, cocoa butter and sugar, or sucrose. Among the best known is reminiscent of:
- caffeine and theobromine, two stimulants present in small quantities;
- phenylalanine and tryptophan (essential amino acid precursor of serotonin); magnesium and phosphorus.
But of all the substances of the cocoa polyphenols they are the most important ones, with epicatechin in the head.
Polyphenols are natural antioxidants content already in high quantities in cocoa bean and preserved in various percentages in the resulting product, the chocolate.
Antioxidants play an important role in the elimination of free radicals that are responsible for the peroxidation at the cellular level.
What follows strong oxidative stress is the development of some diseases and tissue aging.
Chocolate stimulates serotonin and plays, therefore, on the nervous system stimulant and antidepressant action. Serotonin is a hormone produced by the brain that determines the mood.